Transparency supports the ability of teachers to engage in passive surveillance to facilitate multiple learning activities simultaneously and to supervise students. For example, some learners can be inside an enclosed space while others are in an adjacent learning commons. From a safety standpoint, clear interior sight lines at open interior spaces help staff see trouble coming sooner than later, giving users more time to take action doing what they have learned to do in practice drills in the event of an emergency. This is the same safety principle as having clear exterior sight lines when supervising students outdoors. 

Another opportunity for passive surveillance from Grades 1-5 is at restrooms for boys and girls or for boys in all grades. Bullying typically occurs in the bathrooms where adult supervision is not present. Sinks adjacent to circulation for passive adult supervision work well.  For middle school and high school consider sinks inside the toilet stalls for girls bathrooms.

The Ed Specs serve to illustrate concepts that will inform the master plans based on OUSD's aspirations to the audience of future architects who will implement them as well as for OUSD stakeholders to understand the reasoning behind modernizations.

Interior Sight Lines

Is there a clear line of sight for adults to supervise all student activities? In case of an emergency event do students know where to hide?

Sight Lines to Adjacent Outdoor Learning Space

Is there a clear line of sight for teachers to supervise students working outdoors in the same group that is working indoors?

Passive Surveillance

Are areas that students use whether its hand washing or learning, placed in a manner that adults can passively supervise them?


Are there ways to use colors and graphics throughout the campus to assist in wayfinding, passive surveillance, and sight lines?